For the past decade, a number of large-scale research studies have been conducted to find out depression risk factors in individuals. Study aims were first to identify groups of teens with high depressive symptoms who were at a high risk of developing major/minor depression over the following years, with the hope of examining the early preventive effects of treatment for depression on depression disorder development. The second aim was to examine the relationship between depression symptoms and social and emotional adjustment in adolescents. In this article, we will talk about the results of the two studies and their implications for adults suffering from the illness.
When the research began, there were high hopes that psychotherapy can significantly reduce high depressive symptom scores in the adolescents. Psychotherapy can have the beneficial effect of reducing negative moods and increasing positive emotions, as well as reducing depressive symptoms. However, the study failed to find any significant difference in the results of the psychotherapy-depression relationship by gender and by the length of time the teenagers spent in therapy.
Research shows that depression in adolescence is linked to a variety of environmental factors. These factors include biological and environmental influences. It is very important that both biological and environmental factors are taken into consideration when analyzing the relationship between depression disorder in adolescents.
The study, “Depression risk and social-emotional adjustment: findings from a large randomised clinical trial” by Domenico Marraffino and colleagues from the University of Pittsburgh found that there was an increased risk of suicide and depression in those patients who had experienced childhood trauma or sexual abuse. The children who were abused or neglected had lower academic achievement and had higher scores on the “social anxiety” scales of the General Anxiety Disorder Scale. Furthermore, they were more likely to be unemployed and have poor employment histories. On the other hand, they were less likely to have participated in alcohol or drug abuse in their family history.
The study was also designed to investigate the relationship between the presence of depression disorder in adults and the association between the presence of the disorder and low social-emotional adjustment in adults. The study showed that adults who had an episode of severe depression in childhood, but who went on to lead healthy and happy lives had a lower risk of social-emotional adjustment in adulthood.
The study was designed to determine if the presence of depressive symptoms in a patient could predict depression disorder in adulthood. It found that the presence of severe depression in childhood could increase the chances of depression disorder in adulthood, but the presence of milder symptoms in adulthood could not predict the disorder. This means that there is no significant link between depression symptoms in adulthood and the development of the disorder.
It was also important that the study addressed the impact of the symptoms on the ability of the patient to participate in daily life, for example, what effects the presence of depressive symptoms has on the functioning of their daily activities. Some researchers believe that the presence of depressive symptoms may interfere with their ability to function in school or work. In addition, it may affect their enjoyment of school or work life.
The study was also designed to determine whether depressive symptoms can be reduced through psychotherapy. The patients who did not respond to treatment could then be evaluated for further depression-related treatments. If a positive response was noted, the study concluded that the presence of depressive symptoms is not predictive of the occurrence of adult depression in adulthood.