The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM 5) defines depression as an episode of major unhappiness, worthlessness and despair. While a patient may be diagnosed with depression on the basis of having these symptoms at various times throughout the day, depression can also be caused by more serious factors. This article will describe the many reasons why depression can cause symptoms in patients suffering from the condition.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM 5) definition of depression is a little more than just a simple one-word description. Instead, it is a detailed description of all of the different symptoms associated with depression that require a clinical diagnosis to be established. In addition to a description and list of these symptoms, the manual provides a set of specific rules for determining a patient is suffering from depression. It also explains the possible causes of depression and how they can lead to the condition.
The term “depressive disorder” was first used in 1917. The term was defined as “a state in which there is persistent, abnormal sadness or grief.” The definition was expanded to include the following symptoms in the third edition of the manual that was created by the American Psychiatric Association in 1973.
Sufferers of severe depression may have an increased risk of suicide attempts. They may also have a decreased ability to think clearly or be objective in their thinking. They may feel that nothing is worthwhile and that everything bad is happening to them because of a flaw in themselves. Some sufferers of severe depression are unable to function normally in everyday life and they may spend their time sitting alone, unable to interact with others.
Those who suffer from mild depression should be able to perform normal functions in their lives and be productive in work or other activities. When a person is depressed, however, the ability to function normally can diminish and the person may find themselves not able to enjoy even the most mundane activities, such as shopping, being on an airplane, or going out to eat. Even when the person does get through the day, they may experience feelings of worthlessness or hopelessness that interfere with their ability to handle the day’s tasks. Depression may also lead to substance abuse, suicide attempts or sexual abuse.
The next step is to look at the causes of depression. There are many causes of this condition, and some of them can be treatable if a patient receives the right treatment. For example, people who suffer from major depression may have an unhealthy relationship, be too stressed out to cope with life’s pressures or have an unbalanced diet. Those who suffer from minor depression are often unaware that they have the condition and may not seek help until it is too late.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the most recognized reference guide in the country when it comes to diagnosing and treating depression. Those who suffer from the condition should consult with their primary care doctor or a licensed psychiatrist to discuss what symptoms and issues they may have experienced. It is important to remember that this diagnostic manual is not meant to be a replacement for a real psychotherapist or therapist because the methods and criteria used for this condition are different.
Symptoms of depression may go away for a while but then reappear. While it may take months or even years for the symptoms to disappear completely, sufferers should always seek help if they believe they are experiencing depression. Depression can cause many different symptoms and those symptoms may not be clear when they are first noted. Those who feel they may be suffering from depression should contact a trusted physician or psychiatrist immediately, especially if they notice a change in mood, thoughts or behavior that goes against their normal routines.